didactic
ToURISM
HISTORY AND NATURE
general informations
Storia e natura This itinerary is suitable for any type of school because within a few kilometres you can find sites related to different historic times.

Although still not much known, this area is particularly suitable for school trips as it is rich in history and monuments but also close to larger towns where the young can have fun.

places to visit

Urbisaglia
( Macerata)

Its Archaeological Park contains the most important remains of Urbs Salvia, a Roman settlement that during the 1st century AD developed in the area of the present town of Urbisaglia.
The ancient Urbisaglia is still intact in structure and there are numerous monuments that can still be visited.

Students, through a well-thought itinerary starting from the State Archaeological Museum, can experience the importance of the city by visiting the Roman Walls, the tank of the aqueduct, the theatre, the amphitheatre and the cryptoporticus.

As regards the medieval age, Urbisaglia offers its Rocca, a military fortress erected in late 15th and early 16th centuries in order to control the city and the surrounding areas.
It still shows its original structure with the feudal tower and the walkways.
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Tolentino
(Macerata)

Tolentino is mainly known for the Basilica of St. Nicholas.
This complex that is extremely interesting because it houses, among other things, the so-called Cappellone, a large chapel decorated with frescoes probably by the Rimini School, a unique example of early 14th-century Marches paintings.
Moreover, Palazzo Parisani Bezzi dates back to the time when Napoleon Bonaparte was the protagonist of European history, as it hosted Napoleon himself in 1797 on the occasion of the Treaty of Tolentino.
Giacchino Murat was instead the protagonist of the Battle of Tolentino that took place around the Castello della Rancia, a military structure dated mid 14th century, built on a grange (or a granary) by the Cistercian monks from the Chiaravalle of Fiastra Abbey.
Tolentino houses also the Museo della Caricatura (Caricature Museum) which features many leading collections by the most famous artists all over the world.

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Chiaravalle abbey
(Macerata)

The Abbazia of Chiaravalle di Fiastra was founded in 1142 by the monks who came from the Chiaravalle Abbey in Milan. This Cistercian complex is very important for the study of medieval history and monasticism as it represents one of the best-preserved Cistercian monastery that is still operational thanks to the presence of some monks. Even the architectural structure is remarkable and it represent a clear expression of Cistercian style.
Visitors can see the abbey church and the cloister with the large refectory, the oil cruet hall, the chapter house, the grottoes and the beautiful garden of the Palazzo Giustiniani Bandini, from the name of the family who took hold of the complex at the end of the 18th century. The abbey turns out to be a real revelation thanks to the Nature Reserve of Abbadia di Fiastra, developing all around the complex, that was founded in 1984 in order to safeguard both the abbey and the area surrounding it.
This area still keeps almost intact a countryside that shows the mark of monks’ work, with many fields and scattered farmhouses built in the characteristic country style of Macerata. Some of them are still inhabited by the farmers’ families who still work in respect of ancient traditions.
In addition, the more than 100 ha of forest is the remaining of a much larger ancient woodland, rich in typical vegetation that furthermore hosts some deers, the symbols of the Nature Reserve. Various routes are possible but all accessible. Children and teenagers can explore different environments: the forest, le Vene lake, the Fiastra River and many cultivated fields.
In addition to guided tours, school groups can be accommodated in the premises of the Reserve Visitor Centre to participate in didactic workshops.

It is a good opportunity to deepen the study of nature topics while having fun.

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